The status of your oral health isn’t restricted to the condition of your teeth, and a healthy jawbone is of equal importance for the appearance and function. If you don’t have enough bone to support the teeth, whether real or prosthetic, dental bone grafting may be the perfect solution.
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The jawbone is crucial to the overall structure of the mouth and has a huge influence on the overall shape as well as the stability of your teeth. Unfortunately, when the jawbone becomes damaged due to gum disease, trauma, or the side effects of pulling a tooth out, it can lead to depression and degradation in the bone.
Dental bone grafting is a process in which a new bone is grown to correct the damage and produce a more natural result. This can be achieved by using various grafting materials while biologically active gels may be used to stimulate a more efficient growth. Once the bone has grown, it can serve the same function as the natural jawbone.
Given the significance of the procedure, it’s imperative that only a professional dentist with experience in this field is allowed to complete the processes.
Bone grafts are often required due to the shrinkage that occurs following tooth extraction. Sadly, this is something that can occur immediately after extraction and can shrink the jaw bone by up to 25% within just three months. Using a dental bone graft can shrink the cavity by over two-thirds, allowing patients to regain the opportunity to have tooth implants inserted at a later date.
Dental bone grafts can take many forms. Generally speaking, though, the process will be completed as follows:
Bone grafting technologies have evolved at a rapid rate, allowing specialized dentists to complete a range of grafts. These include particulate grafts, block grafts, and sinus lifts. Dr. Brisman will discuss the possibilities at the consultation stage.
No two patients are the same, and damage to the jawbone can vary massively from case to case. Contributing factors include:
With these issues in mind, it’s essential for Dr. Brisman to analyze the individual circumstances to find the right solution. Here are some of the graft types that may be suggested.
Small grafts are primarily used shortly after the tooth is extracted in a bid to minimize the potential shrinkage.
The simple process involves inserting bone granules with a similar density to sand into the socket along with a protective collagen membrane to help lock in the granules. The gum is generally stitched up and given several weeks for the body to adapt. During this procedure, the jawbone will be able to maintain its natural shape with far greater success than if left alone.
Following this, a permanent solution to the problem, such as a dental implant can be used.
Medium dental bone grafts are primarily used for patients who, for whatever reason, were unable to have a dental implant following the tooth extraction and now require a more complex bone graft.
The process is a little more complicated and involves making a small incision before cleaning and preparing the affected area of the jawbone. Bone granules are used for the restoration process while, in many cases, those granules are taken from the patient’s own jawbone (commonly in the area by the wisdom teeth).
Medium dental bone grafts require several months for integration but will then allow for dental implants and other treatments.
Large dental grafts are usually needed for patients that have been missing a tooth or teeth for several years. This is because the level of bone loss is far greater, with the jawbone getting very thin.
The process used is very similar to the one used for medium bone grafting. The user’s own bone granules will be used where possible, but the level of restoration required will naturally be far greater. The area will be protected with a collagen membrane while the natural repair could take several months.
Once completed, the area should be suitable for either dental implants of dentures.
Sinus lifts are used to restore the maxillary sinuses in the upper jaw. This is most commonly required when the user has lost several molars.
The maxillary sinus sits above the molars and can be compromised by the loss o those teeth, leading to drooping and bone loss that prevents dentists from being able to use dental implants. Sinus lifts are extensive grafting processes that involve an incision into the gum tissue before the maxillary sinus is cut and lifted before the bone graft is inserted in place.
Procedures take at least four months to be completed, but may take longer.
Dental bone grafting is a process that can restore normality to your daily life by aiding the appearance and the function of your jawbone, which includes preparing the area for dental implants. Essentially, it gives you a second bite at life.
Nevertheless, the complexities involved mean that you must find the right type of solution for your individual needs. To do this, and learn more about the repayment plans, arranging a consultation with Advanced Dentistry of Scarsdale by scheduling an appointment today.