What are receding gums? Receding gums happen gradually, and many people aren’t aware they have it. Receding gums occur when gum tissue pulls away from the tooth, leaving the tooth exposed. As the root of the tooth begins to be exposed, bacteria breaks down the bone structures of the teeth which causes discomfort as the root and nerves of the tooth are more exposed to hot and cold within the mouth.
What causes receding gums? Receding gums can be caused by numerous factors, including:
- Periodontal disease: This is caused by bacteria that have destroyed the gum and bone tissues that hold teeth in place. Early stages may not be painful, causing periodontal disease to go unnoticed. Red or swollen gums that feel tender and bleed may be signs of periodontal disease. Also, chronic bad breath can indicate periodontal disease.
- Genetics: Studies show that up to 30% of the population may be more susceptible to periodontal disease, even if they take excellent care of their teeth.
- Poor Dental care: Failure to brush, floss and rinse with anti-bacterial mouth wash can increase your chances of developing receding gums. Also, lack of frequent professional cleanings to remove bacteria, plaque and calculus.
- Hormone levels: Changes in hormones like estrogen put women at higher risk for gum recession.
- Bushing too hard: Brushing teeth aggressively can wear down the tooth’s natural enamel which can cause gums to recede.
- Use of tobacco products: Use of tobacco products can cause build-up of sticky plaque which causes gums to recede.
- Grinding or clenching teeth: Gums begin to recede when too much force is exerted onto the teeth.
- Crooked or misaligned bite: Just as grinding or clenching, teeth that don’t come together evenly put extra force and pressure on the teeth, causing gum recession.
What can be done about receding gums?
At Advanced Dentistry of Scarsdale, we are confident in our skills to treat receding gums. One of the ways we can approach the issue is to thoroughly and professionally clean the area to prevent bacteria from having somewhere to attach itself. We may also use an antibiotic to clear up any remaining bacteria. If you have any questions about receding gums, feel free to give us a call, and we can set up an appointment with one of our talented specialists.